How to create a command in java for Minecraft plugin

Creating a Custom Command in Minecraft Using Java


Custom commands in Minecraft can greatly enhance the player experience on a server. In this tutorial, we’ll go through the process of creating a simple custom command using Java with the Bukkit or Spigot API.


  • Basic understanding of Java programming.
  • A Minecraft server running Spigot or Bukkit.
  • A Java IDE like Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, or Visual Studio Code.
  • The Spigot or Bukkit API added to your project.

Step 1: Setting Up Your Development Environment

Ensure your development environment is set up with the necessary dependencies:

  • Set up a Java project in your IDE.
  • Add the Spigot or Bukkit API to your project’s build path.

Step 2: Creating the Plugin Class

Every Bukkit/Spigot plugin requires a main class that extends JavaPlugin.

Example Main Class:



public class MyPlugin extends JavaPlugin {

    public void onEnable() {
        this.getCommand("mycommand").setExecutor(new MyCommandExecutor());

    public void onDisable() {
        // Plugin shutdown logic

In the onEnable method, we register our custom command mycommand and link it to a command executor.

Step 3: Creating the Command Executor

The command executor is a class that implements CommandExecutor and overrides the onCommand method.

Example Command Executor Class:


import org.bukkit.command.Command;
import org.bukkit.command.CommandExecutor;
import org.bukkit.command.CommandSender;

public class MyCommandExecutor implements CommandExecutor {

    public boolean onCommand(CommandSender sender, Command cmd, String label, String[] args) {
        // Command logic goes here
        return true;

Step 4: Implementing Command Logic

In the onCommand method, you define what happens when the command is executed.

Example Implementation:

public boolean onCommand(CommandSender sender, Command cmd, String label, String[] args) {
    if (cmd.getName().equalsIgnoreCase("mycommand")) {
        sender.sendMessage("Hello, Minecraft World!");
        return true;
    return false;

This example sends a message to the player who executed the command.

Step 5: Registering the Command in the plugin.yml File

After coding your custom command, the next essential step is to register it in the plugin.yml file. This file acts as a manifest for your plugin, informing the server about your plugin’s details and configurations, including the commands it adds.

Configuring the plugin.yml File

  1. Creating the plugin.yml File: If you don’t already have a plugin.yml file in your project, create one at the root of your project’s directory.

  2. Basic Structure of plugin.yml File: A typical plugin.yml file contains basic information about the plugin such as its name, version, author, and the commands it registers. Here’s an example structure:

name: MyPlugin
main: com.example.myplugin.MyPlugin
version: 1.0
author: YourName

    description: Custom command to enhance the server.
    usage: /

Step 6: Compiling and Testing the Plugin

  • Compile your plugin into a JAR file.
  • Place the JAR file in the plugins folder of your Minecraft server.
  • Start or restart the server to load the plugin.
  • Test the command in-game by typing /mycommand.


Congratulations! You’ve created a custom command for your Minecraft server. This is just the beginning – you can expand this foundation to create more complex and interactive commands.

Remember to test your commands thoroughly and ensure they have the desired effect in-game. Happy coding and gaming!

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